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What is Gender Budgeting?

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> Gender Budgeting > What is Gender Budgeting?

Gender Budgeting is an initiative aiming to change budgetary allocation structures and policy so that society`s resources can be used in a way that promotes gender equity that considers the impact of the budget on economic and social opportunities for women and men. Gender budgeting is not a specific type of budgeting, but rather a process of gender equitable resource allocation.

  • Main Activities
    • Gender Budgeting Analysis
      Budget analysis examines the gap between women and men. Through this, the inequalities between genders of the current budget, seemingly neutral, become visible.
    • Integration of Gender Perspective throughout the Budgeting Process
      Implementing gender budgeting involves the application of gender perspective throughout the budgeting process. This includes the allocation of resources, review, implementation and assessment.

    National Financial Operation

    National Financial Operation
  • The Need
    • The budget can cause gender inequalities unintentionally.

      Budgeting is the most important policy instrument and the budgetary allocation structure reflects social and economic priorities. However, policies that seem gender neutral can cause gender inequalities because women and men are given different social roles and responsibilities.

      For example, the government expenditure reductions on the social service sector (i.e. care for children and the elderly, health care aiming for the stabilization of the macro-economy) will increase women`s burden. They will be unpaid for care work, consequently limiting their participation in the labor market.

    • Gender inequality can cause significant loss in national economy.

      Gender inequality creates negative impacts not only for women but also for the economy as a whole. The World Bank reported that gender inequality caused significant losses in economic effectiveness and human resource development.

      A case study of Latin American economy showed that as gender inequality in the labor market decreases, women’s income increases 50% and national productivity increases 5%. The care work women perform at home for their families are a major obstacle in growth and development.

      A case study of Tanzania showed that the reduction of women’s unpaid labor work time increased the family income rate 10%, labor productivity 15%, and capital productivity 44%.

  • Expected Result
    • Gender budgeting contributes to equitable and balanced allocation of resources.

      Gender budgeting can reduce inequalities and allocate resources equitably through appropriating the budget based upon the effects of policies according to the different roles and responsibilities of women and men.

    • Gender budgeting makes effective use of resources.

      Gender budgeting helps provide effective services through budget allocation based upon the different needs of men and women.

    • Gender budgeting reinforces the transparency of public finance.

      By considering policy effectiveness throughout the budgetary process, gender budgeting makes the public budget more visible.

    • Gender budgeting reinforces accountability of the government on gender equality.

      Gender budgeting actualizes political will for gender equality through the analysis of gender equality effects of the budget and through the search of proper alternatives.

  • FAQ
    • Does gender budgeting favor women?

      Gender budgeting does not create a separate budget for women. It does not mean the budget is separated at a 50/50 split between women and men. Gender budgeting analyzes public expenditures that seem gender neutral with gender perspective. Gender budgeting searches for existing gender inequalities and allocates the budget in a more equitable way.

    • Does gender budgeting increase the scale of the government budget?

      Gender budgeting does not require an increase of the government’s budget. It questions whether the impact of the current budgetary allocation structure is positive and tries to modify the budgetary allocation structure in a more equitable way. Through gender budgeting, the allocation of resources is utilized to achieve government objectives in the most efficient manner.

    • Who participates in gender budgeting activities?

      Gender budgeting activities need various participants and partnerships. Most of all, it requires close relationships with the Ministry of Planning and Budgeting, the Ministry of Gender and Family, and other related ministries within the government. In addition, active communication and discussion among various participants within government organizations is needed. This includes public officials, civil society activists and the national assembly and media. Working together, they can ensure institutional sustainability and efficient gender budgeting.

    • Even though our departments and projects do not have ties to gender equality, do we also become the target of gender budgeting analysis?

      Gender budgeting targets not only the areas of the budget related to gender equality but also the general budget. The most important objective of gender budgeting analysis is a change of the general budgetary allocation structure that consists of over 99% of the national budget. Therefore, gender perspective analysis on the general budget is crucial.

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